Costs for a large company to sponsor a migrant worker
Based on current fees (correct at time of writing, February 2020), and assuming that
- It is a *large company, and needs to first obtain a sponsor licence
- The migrant worker will be sponsored for 5 years (non-shortage occupation)
- The company will cover the visa fees of the migrant worker (but not their family)
= Total up front cost: £9,895
If the company decided that it would not cover the migrant worker’s application fees in this scenario, the outlay would still be £6,675.
A breakdown of the fees is set out below.
*What does ‘large’ company mean?
The Home Office follows guidance issued by HMRC to determine whether a company is ‘large’ or ‘small’. A large company will meet at least two of the following conditions:
- Annual turnover of more than £10.2 million
- The balance sheet total of more than £5.1 million
- More than 50 employees
If it does not meet two or more of these conditions, it will be deemed a ‘small’ company. The designation is important because it impacts upon the fees the company is required to pay when it comes to migrant sponsorship.
See our separate post for information on the costs for small companies going through this process.
What is included in this up-front cost?
Tier 2 Sponsor Licence fee
In order to sponsor a migrant from overseas (including, from 1 January 2021, bringing a migrant worker from the EU) a company will need a Tier 2 Sponsor Licence. The Home Office fee for this is £1,476. A useful summary of the application process is set out here.
Immigration Skills Charge
In order to sponsor a migrant, large companies will usually be required to pay the Immigration Skills Charge, a per-year visa charge of £1,000.
Based on sponsorship of 5 years in this scenario, the fee required to be paid (at the point that the visa is issued) would be £5,000.
Restricted CoS application fee
Where an employee is outside the UK, a company will usually be required to apply for a restricted Certificate of Sponsorship (CoS).
The Home Office charges £199 for allocation of the CoS, payable at the point that it is assigned to the migrant worker.
Visa application fee
Many companies will cover the visa fee on behalf of their migrant worker. If the company proposes to do this, the fee is £1,220.
This fee does not include any priority or super priority service, and would therefore assume the standard out of country visa processing service standard (waiting time) of 3 weeks.
Immigration Health Surcharge
Almost all migrants are required to pay an Immigration Health Surcharge (IHS), which is paid to cover use of the NHS when living in the UK.
The current charge is £400 per year of the visa (to be paid up front, at the point the migrant makes their online visa application), and would therefore total £2,000 for a migrant sponsored for 5 years.
The government announced in the March budget that the Immigration Health Surcharge would rise to £624 from October 2020. This increases the cost for a sponsorship company in our scenario above by £1,120.
What additional costs might be incurred?
As set out above, the up front cost referred to here does not include fees paid for a quicker decision.
If in need of an employee urgently, a company might sometimes pay for the visa application to be processed using the priority or super priority service.
Different levels of service are available in different locations and may also depend on the Home Office contractor used in the applicant’s country of application.
But for example the super priority service offered in the U.S. for a Tier 2 visa application to be decided within a working day is listed for $1,221 (£995).
This fee would be payable in addition to the visa fees.
If a migrant worker were to apply with dependants the company agreed to cover this, each dependant would pay a separate visa fee (£1,220) as well as the IHS (£2,000): so £3,220 for each one.
Many companies use lawyers to assist with the Tier 2 Sponsor Licence application process.
Fees for these services will vary depending on which lawyers you use.